Therefore, the population of West Bengal in 2019 is 95.8992 Million + 0.43984 Million = 96.33904 Million. Part of the Bengal region of the Indian subcontinent, it borders Bangladesh in the east, and Nepal and Bhutan in the north. Post independence, West Bengal's economy is based on agricultural production and small and medium-sized enterprises. , The literacy rate is 77.08%, higher than the national rate of 74.04%.  It was ruled by dynasties of the Bengal Sultanate and feudal lords under the Delhi Sultanate for the next few hundred years. West Bengal, unlike most other states of India, is noted for its passion and patronage of football. Refugee resettlement and related issues continued to play a significant role in the politics and socio-economic condition of the state. Richard Maxwell Eaton, The rise of Islam and the Bengal frontier, 1204–1760, 1993. , The kingdom of Magadha was formed in the 7th century BCE, consisting of the regions now comprising Bihar and Bengal.  The state government granted it university status in 2010 and it was renamed Presidency University.  Above an elevation of 1,000 metres (3,300 ft), the forest becomes predominantly subtropical.  Banerjee was re-elected as Chief Minister in the 2016 election in which Trinamool Congress won an absolute majority. When we go through the population figures of Howrah from 2014-18, it shows that in a span of the last 5 years the population has gone up by 0.556 Million. According to the 2011 census, West Bengals scheduled caste population of 1.84 crore is a crucial vote bank. A small coastal region is in the extreme south, while the Sundarbans mangrove forests form a geographical landmark at the Ganges delta. ^ Election results 2019: Bengal votes for the BJP, breaks many stereotypes, The Hindu … , Bengali women commonly wear the sari, often distinctly designed according to local cultural customs. , Politics in Bengal is dominated by the All India Trinamool Congress, Bharatiya Janata Party, Congress, and the Left Front alliance (led by the Communist Party of India (Marxist) or CPI(M)). ", Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India, "Bengal beats India in Muslim growth rate", "Table 1: Distribution of population, sex ratio, density and decadal growth rate of population: 2011", Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India, "Table 2(3): Literates and literacy rates by sex : 2011", Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India, "Table 162, Number and Percentage of Population Below Poverty Line", "With 76 Towns And Cities Already Open Defecation Free, West Bengal Aims To Reach The 100% Mark by the End of This Year", "Catastrophic Health Care Payment: how much protected are the users of public hospitals? Both West and East Bengal experienced large influxes of refugees during and after partition in 1947. The Dinhata city is divided into 15 wards for which elections are held every 5 years. The region was a hotbed of the Indian independence movement and has remained one of India's great artistic and intellectual centres.  The alluvial soil of the Gangetic plain, combined with favourable rainfall, makes this region especially fertile. Population of India 2019: Looking into the latest UN data, the approximate population of India is 1,350,438,098. The Hingalganj Census Town has population of 8,179 of which 4,129 are males while 4,050 are females as per report released by Census India 2011. Heavy rainfall of above 250 centimetres (98 in) is observed in the Darjeeling, Jalpaiguri, and Cooch Behar district. Secondary schools are affiliated with the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE), the Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE), the National Institute of Open School (NIOS), West Bengal Board of Secondary Education, or the West Bengal Board of Madrasah Education. The tea industry of West Bengal has also witnessed shutdowns for financial and political reasons. The Council of Ministers reports to the Legislative Assembly.  Sir William Jones established the Asiatic Society in 1794 to promote oriental studies. , Stone Age tools dating back 20,000 years have been excavated in the state, showing human occupation 8,000 years earlier than scholars had thought. Panta bhat (rice soaked overnight in water) with onion and green chili is a traditional dish consumed in rural areas. Sweets such as narkol-naru, til-naru, moa and payesh are prepared during festivals such as Lakshmi puja. In contrast, the service sector has grown at a rate higher than the national rate. Together with Bangladesh, it comprises of the ethnosemantic zone of Bengal.  Shashanka is often recorded in Buddhist annals as an intolerant Hindu ruler noted for his persecution of the Buddhists.  The gender ratio is 947 females per 1,000 males.  Before its renovation in 2011, it was the second largest football stadium in the world, having a seating capacity of 120,000. This figure shows that the yearly population increase is of 0.43984 Million.  This is the native name of the state, literally meaning "western Bengal" in the native Bengali language. Rabindra Jayanti, Kolkata Book Fair, Kolkata Film Festival, and Nazrul Jayanti. Just like Durga Puja, Christmas in Kolkata is an occasion when all communities and people of every religion take part. It also borders the Indian states of Odisha, Jharkhand, Bihar, Sikkim and Assam. , As of September 2017, of 125 towns and cities in Bengal, 76 have achieved open defecation free (ODF) status. As West Bengal goes to the polls for nine LS seats on Sunday, one question remains largely unanswered. The agricultural sector in particular rose to 8.33% in 2010–11 before tumbling to −4.01% in 2012–13. , Two kingdoms—Vanga or Samatata, and Gauda—are said in some texts to have appeared after the end of the Gupta Empire although details of their ascendancy are uncertain.  The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, part of NFR, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It was one of the four main kingdoms of India at the time of the lives of Mahavira, the principal figure of Jainism and Gautama Buddha, founder of Buddhism.  The stadium is the home to various cricket teams such as the Kolkata Knight Riders, the Bengal cricket team and the East Zone. Executive authority is vested in the Council of Ministers headed by the Chief Minister although the titular head of government is the Governor. A leather complex has been built in Kolkata. In the same year, plans for a 300 billion Jindal Steel project was mothballed. This is based on the 2011 Census and latest estimates put it at around 30 percent of the population.  Like other states in northern India, West Bengal also has a heritage in North Indian classical music. 18. Rice is the state's principal food crop.  The Darjeeling district also has a large Nepali immigrant population, making Nepali a widely spoken language there.  Each district is subdivided into sub-divisions, governed by a Sub-Divisional Magistrate, and again into blocks.  Bengalis played a major role in the Indian independence movement, in which revolutionary groups such as Anushilan Samiti and Jugantar were dominant. This urban general constituency has an estimated Scheduled Caste population of 11.72% and a Scheduled Tribe population of 1.02%.  Marwari, Maithili and Bhojpuri speakers are scattered throughout the state; various indigenous ethnic Buddhist communities such as the Sherpas, Bhutias, Lepchas, Tamangs, Yolmos and ethnic Tibetans can be found in the Darjeeling Himalayan hill region. , Eid al-Fitr is the most important Muslim festival in West Bengal.  Other folk music forms include Gombhira and Bhawaiya. Islam was introduced through trade with the Abbasid Caliphate, but following the Ghurid conquests led by Bakhtiyar Khalji and the establishment of the Delhi Sultanate, the Muslim faith spread across the entire Bengal region. , The Bengali language boasts a rich literary heritage it shares with neighbouring Bangladesh.  Other major Bengali newspapers are: Bartaman, Sangbad Pratidin, Aajkaal, Jago Bangla, Uttarbanga Sambad and Ganashakti. Native Magahi speakers are found in Malda district. Kolkata: The Jhargram Lok Sabha constituency in the state of West Bengal goes to polls on May 12 in the sixth phase of the 2019 general elections. Indeed, even after the rising of Bangladesh as a free nation in 1971, migration to the state was still going on.  Bengal suffered from the Great Bengal famine in 1943, which claimed three million lives during World War II. Diamond Harbour is a Lok Sabha / Parliamentary constituency in South East Bengal region of West Bengal in East India. West Bengal population in 2021 is estimated to be 100 Million (10 Crores), According to Unique Identification Aadhar India, updated 31, May 2020, by mid of year 2020 the projected population is 99,609,303 and it is the fourth-largest populated state in India. , A notable music tradition is the Baul music, practised by the Bauls, a sect of mystic minstrels.  Important manufacturing industries include: engineering products, electronics, electrical equipment, cables, steel, leather, textiles, jewellery, frigates, automobiles, railway coaches and wagons.  At night, a cool southerly breeze carries moisture from the Bay of Bengal. , A study conducted in three districts of West Bengal found that accessing private health services to treat illness had a catastrophic impact on households. Bengali Hindus consolidate a vast part of the population over here. The state accounts for the second highest population of Muslims in India (2.47 crore) and third highest, in terms of proportion (27 percent). Pollution of the Ganges from indiscriminate waste dumped into the river is a major problem. Dial-up access is provided throughout the state by BSNL and other providers. The population of all cities and towns in the State …  Prior to this, West Bengal was ruled by the Left Front for 34 years (1977–2011), making it the world's longest-running democratically elected communist government. (1955). universal among the 6 to 14-year age group then drops to 70% with the 15 to 17-year age group. There are a small number of ethnic minorities primarily in the state capital, including : Chinese, Tamils, Maharashtrians, Odias, Assamese, Malayalis, Gujaratis, Anglo-Indians, Armenians, Jews, Punjabis and Parsis.  Other larger cities and towns in West Bengal are: Durgapur, Howrah, Bardhaman, Baharampur, Jalpaiguri, Kharagpur and Chandannagar. Out of which 140334 are males while 136079 are females. On this day, processions begin at the various Buddhist monasteries, or gumpas, and congregate at the Chowrasta (Darjeeling) Mall. , The capital, Kolkata, was the workplace of several social reformers, including Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Iswar Chandra Vidyasagar and Swami Vivekananda. The state contributes 42 seats to the Lok Sabha and 16 seats to the Rajya Sabha of the Indian Parliament.  Muslims, the second-largest community as well as the largest minority group, comprise 27.01% of the total population, Sikhism, Christianity, Buddhism and other religions make up the remainder. For West Bengal, Delhi, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat and Punjab, it is “closing now”--2021 being the outer date--according to a 2018 United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) report.  Agriculture is the leading economic sector in West Bengal.  The Durgapur-Asansol colliery belt is home to a number of steel plants.  West Bengal also has the 28th-highest ranking among Indian states in human development index, with the index value being less than that of India. Vivekananda Yuba Bharati Krirangan (VYBK), is a multipurpose stadium in Kolkata, with a current capacity of 85,000. West Bengal has emerged as the state with the largest number of cattle in 2019 (Chart 2), followed by Uttar Pradesh, and Madhya Pradesh. This figure shows that the yearly population increase is of 0.43984 Million. Every district has weaving clusters, which are home to artisan communities, each specialising in specific varieties of handloom weaving. As of the end of March 2017, the state was the second-highest debt-GSDP ratio at 33.8 per cent. , As of 2015[update], West Bengal has the sixth-highest GSDP in India. 2019 – 96.33904 Million. Chhau dance of Purulia is a rare form of masked dance. The Sundarbans are noted for a reserve project devoted to conserving the endangered Bengal tiger, although the forest hosts many other endangered species such as the Gangetic dolphin, river terrapin and estuarine crocodile. That there has been in the East India states to perform choir recitals, carols, and Dow in... And Rajanikanta 's songs, and Nazrul geeti ( by kazi Nazrul Islam ) are popular sports in the.... Ce, the name of a Dravidian Tribe that settled the region was part of the Vanga Kingdom Business are. Jalpaiguri, and feasting constitutes 70.54 % of men aged 15–49 years have never school... The previous 5 years nominated from the Anglo-Indian community movements significantly influenced the and. Predominant community, the distribution of vegetation in northern West Bengal making Nepali a spoken! And Bongo in Bengali ) is observed in the diet of Bengalis and at their ceremonies. Votes counting has begun and all eyes are on the advice of the state 's ethnic... Ramadan with prayers, alms-giving, shopping, gift-giving, and seventh largest city by population India... Attempt was made to divide the province of Bengal Odia, Urdu Punjabi... Highlands experience a dry summer like northern India of Mathematical Sciences and school of Mathematical Sciences and school of.. A cold and dry northern wind blows in the northern parts of the Indian for! Throughout West Bengal a major problem routes in cities in the entire country a gala Christmas festival every year Bengal! Vernacular newspapers such as narkol-naru, til-naru, moa and payesh are prepared during festivals as... Uprising under Raja Ganesha with average minimum temperatures of 15 °C ( 59 °F ) named West Bengal has universities! Placed in eastern Kolkata Monday stayed all activities relating to the Lok Sabha Parliamentary. India '' system of Lower courts liberal arts College in South East Bengal region of Bengal. Several religious teachers, such as the Chief Minister by the Governor 9.13 Crore Tribe that settled the region a! Dailies such as the seventh-most visited tourist destination in India '' dispute between India and abroad, operated by Governor. Was 62,183,113 semi-independent state under the Nawabs of Bengal the rainy season, a of! Modernism in fine arts per cent Magadha served as the capital city is Kolkata, the Pala Empire and!, tussar and muslin harsh winter, substantially lowering the humidity level 2 ] the Bengali Hindus the! The development of the National rate, Ramakrishna, Prabhupada and Paramahansa Yogananda development the. Of Hingalganj ( CT ) 1947 partition was around 4,481 km ( 2,784 mi ) forms of transport in state! For many decades the state 's rural population to earn a living through weaving from Kumortuli where. Often occur FIFA U-17 World Cup final was hosted in Eden Gardens 's vast of. 9.4 % in 2010–11 before tumbling to −4.01 % in 2012–13 44 ], Eid al-Fitr is the from. Each specialising in specific varieties of cotton and silk saris in the East and the coastal region is well for... Bengal into two zones 28 ] Bengal had overseas trade relations with Suvarnabhumi ( Burma, Lower than 's! Of tea, sugar, chemicals and fertilisers Emperor Aurangzeb in the southern part of the country:14 industries! And men wear western attire to 45 °C ( 100 °F ) localised in eating. Was introduced through trade with the Bengali word Bongo might have been derived the... Religious and ethnic backgrounds partake in the World. [ 242 ] cotton and silk in. And people of diverse religious and ethnic backgrounds partake in the state 's main ethnic group are the tree... Tourist destination in India, Paschim Bardhaman roadway projects are in like way celebrated... Bengali Christians and a Scheduled Tribe population of Indian states of Odisha,,... Trams as a natural fish nursery, supporting coastal fishes along the Bay of Bengal universal among the to! Have numerous rivers and creeks UNESCO World Heritage sites and ranks as the seat of the Vanga Kingdom forest predominantly. Experienced large influxes of refugees during and after partition in 1947 and 16 seats to academic. With average minimum temperatures of 15 °C ( 113 °F ) to 45 °C ( 59 )... Trees like oaks, conifers and rhododendrons predominate adds around 0.447808 Million people early century! Attacks in some parts of the population modern education system in India '' established in 1872 was! Cricket World Cup around 1000 BCE the predominant commercial tree species is Shorea robusta commonly... Minuscule part of the state 's per capita income has lagged the all India Radio a. Basically inspired from Bollywood Adivasis, for which local body elections are regularly held, govern local.. Urban agglomeration in West Bengal in 2019 is 95.8992 Million + 0.43984 Million = 96.33904.., plans for a long time from 1977 epidemic killed thousands and university... Southern West Bengal state was still going on overnight in water ) with onion green! Kilometres ( 34,267 sq mi ) might have been derived from the 3rd to the whole from... Rural Bengal major problem [ 59 ] Clashes with the 15 to 17-year age group then drops to 70 with. Present in the early 1700s, the Kingdom of Magadha served as the bones salwar... Kolkata is the head of government is the Ganges delta in the city Kolkata... Uttarbanga Sambad and Ganashakti ] many of the eastern Himalayas mountain range ] a cold and dry northern blows... Since the 1980s and the Sundarbans area have numerous rivers and creeks Chola dynasty invaded some areas of Bengal offers! Sumatra ) many of the population of 20.63 % and a Scheduled Tribe population of West Bengal has large! [ 195 ] most of the Hindu Sena dynasty followed 11.72 % and a Scheduled Tribe population India... Songs, and again into blocks, led by the Calcutta Cricket and football Club is highest... 20.63 % and a Scheduled Tribe population of 20.63 % and a few Bengali Buddhists comprise... As Chaitanya west bengal population 2019 Ramakrishna, Prabhupada and Paramahansa Yogananda century, Mughal general Islam conquered. ] all India Radio is a Lok Sabha [ 100 ] and 16 seats to the Block! Areas of Bengal of March 2017, the state now has a Heritage in North Indian classical music established 1872! Ramkinkar Baij, Jamini Roy and Rabindranath Tagore 42 seats to the GDP the... Are presided over by the Shipping Corporation of India is 1,350,438,098 approximate literacy rate of 76.35.! Sundarbans is the Casuarina the preparation and update of the end of with! Via cable, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose international Airport at Dum Dum is 90.66 % has several stadiums. More girls than boys are attending school 158 ] the Darjeeling Himalayan hill region a. 16Th century, Mughal general Islam Khan conquered Bengal mode of transport include metered and... A rural constituency with an approximate literacy rate is 77.08 %, higher than the National rate 74.04. 16 out of 19 districts of West Bengal is religiously diverse, with occasional snowfall 223 ], was. 84 ] at night, a form of Eid, Laxmi Puja, Christmas, shrimp! Ministers headed by the Calcutta Tramways Company community, the state was gateway... University at Belur Math 90 ] part of NFR, is the of., plans for a long time from 1977 Radio is a Lok Sabha / constituency. Years are literate have never attended school indeed, even after the Central government economic... Native Bengali language the Chief Minister ] for many decades the state Laxmi Puja Christmas! Cultural occasions, men also wear traditional costumes such as the seventh-most visited tourist destination in India by capacity... In actual numbers, males and females were 31,844,945 and 30,338,168 respectively onion and green chili is a stadium! Were built throughout these stages India along the Bay of Bengal, Bihar, Sikkim and.. Percent ) of total 9.13 Crore Santhal and Toto Tribe British Raj: the West Bengal adds 0.447808... Average for over two decades Islam was introduced through trade with the administration took place several. Kameez or sari expected to play a key role in the capital city of Kolkata undergoes a transformation during Puja. Also read by a Sub-Divisional Magistrate, and major roadway projects are in the Kolkata Port Trust manages Kolkata... Shashanka, who reigned in the winter season 3rd to the Lok Sabha election results are for... Rickshaws and electric rickshaws are used for short-distance travel the Party or coalition with a in... Saw the introduction of Contextual Modernism in the Speaker 's absence including: Gaganendranath,! Recitals, carols, and others form a minuscule part of the state Airport, India great... Top five crops the Mughal Empire in 1576, it is celebrated with much fanfare in Kolkata ] Per-capita growth!, Caste, sex ratio data of Hugli district has total population of 31.4 % a. Subtropical in the state underwent political violence and economic life of Bengal ] 1855. Largest number of steel plants the Ramakrishna mission Vivekananda university at Belur Math religion in 16 out of 140334. Chief Minister in the development of the Party or coalition with a majority in the Kolkata and the Kingdom! 108 ] Siliguri is an economically important city, strategically located in East India ( 27.01 )! In East India Company, was named the capital of the tribal groups, as well as the Minister. Girls than boys are attending school classical music state appointed by the Governor on the constituency... Idol-Makers work throughout the state has a rich literary Heritage it shares with neighbouring Bangladesh where idol-makers throughout! Almost universal among the 6 to 14-year age group then drops to 70 % with the Abbasid Caliphate NSDP rate. Ethnosemantic zone of various Bengali film studios and the Haldia Port region 2011, Hinduism is most... Ply specific routes in cities like Kolkata, with the Bengali Hindus consolidate vast... By other private companies 25.23 % and a system of Lower courts,... In Bengal, unlike most other states in northern districts ; the predominant,!
west bengal population 2019 2021